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Typical Insect Control To Insect Borne Viruses In Chilli Peppers plants


Aphids

aphids-chilli    Insect control on aphids, also known as greenflies or whiteflies, are small sap sucking insects from the family  aphidoidea. 

    Aphids are destructive insect on chilli pepper plants in many regions. 


Chilli peppers plant displaying aphid damage can have few symptoms, such as curled leaves, yellowish or brownish in colour.

    Poor sap health of the plant due to aphid saliva is a toxic to it. Aphids also transmit disease-causing organisms like plant viruses.


    Due to high damage to the crops, extreme measures has been taken and efforts being carried outto control the of aphids attack.

Insect control natural enemies includes beetle bug, hoverfly larvae (Syrphidae), parasitic wasps, crab spiders lacewings (Chrysopidae), and fungi like Entomophthorales.

aphids-chilli2Tips: This involves using a natural predator such as lacewings to control the population of aphids.

The predator is introduced as eggs or larvae which then develop by eating aphids, bringing down aphid population.

    The adult lacewings survive on pollen.  Plant corn plant near to your chilli farm. Coleoptera-lady-bug

These will attract the lady bug. When there signs of aphids on your chilli thiese lady bug will exterminate them for you by eating them up.

 Insecticides that can be used to control aphids:

Options

a)   Insect control mixture ( To be sprayed on the chilli tree)

  • 1 litre of water + 10 ml liquid detergent + 50 ml neem oil and add to 10   litre of  water.

b)  Mixture of Effective Microb + molasess + one clove grinded garlic and 3 
      dried chilli (Chilli padi), Bamboo leaf, tamarind and aloe vera

  • Marinade for 5 days.
  • usage : spray for every 2 days.


organic-foliar    Integrated pest management of various species of aphids can be achieved using biological insecticides based on microbes such as Beauveria bassiana or Paecilomyces fumosoroseus

Control for Thrips 

Chilli-thrips     Small insects with a cyclinder cigar shaped.  They range in size from 0.5 to 14 millimetres in length for the larger predatory thrips, but most thrips are approximately a millimeter in length.

    Flight-capable thrips have two similar, strap-like, pairs of wings with a ciliated fringe, from which the order derives its name.

    Their legs usually end in two tarsal segments with an bladder-like structure known as an arolium at the pretarsus. This structure can be everted by means of hemolymph pressure, enabling the insect to walk on vertical surfaces. 




Insect control measures:

    Due to their small size and high rate of reproduction, thrips are difficult to control using classical biological control.

    All predators must be small and slender enough to penetrate the crevices that thrips hide in while feeding.

    These sometime makes it impossible to control their attcks. For myself I used combination of rice water ang EM (effective microb). I don't sure how it works but this can regenerate back the chilli tree and control the thrips population.

    Spray the mixture of rice water and EM on the attacked chilli tree once every day until you see the tree is showing positive sign of regeneration.  


Insect Control for Whitefly

Insect control on whitefly

whitefly     Whiteflies can transmit or spread viruses through direct feeding.

    Diseases such as bemisia tabaci and B. argentifolii, transmit African cassava mosaic, bean golden mosaic, bean dwarf mosaic, bean calico mosaic, tomato yellow leaf-curl, tomato mottle, and other Begomoviruses. The common symtoms are the leaf curl and yellowish in colour.

    Insect control whitefly is also difficult and complex as whiteflies rapidly gain resistance to chemical pesticides.

    It is recommended to use an integrated program that focuses on prevention and relies on cultural and biological control methods when possible. Initial pesticide application may be necessary to control heavy infestations.

    Nevertheless repeated applications may lead to strains of whiteflies that are resistant to pesticides. So only use of selective insecticides differently every time is advised. Rotation of insecticides from different type may be effective at preventing the building of tolerance to the pesticide.

    For example: Day one-Use insecticide A. Day 2-Use insecticide B and so on. For me I only used the organic insecticide which I explained earlier. Yes the same one to control the Aphids, Thrips. It really works.

    The tips is to spray your chilli every 3 days. Insect control care should be taken to ensure that the insecticide used will not kill the whiteflies' natural predators.

    For effective use of biological method after application of pesticide, plant washing is advised prior to release of predators or parasitoids such as the liquid soap. Heck you can even use Pantene.

    I understand that these soap liquid will block the insect breathing system and they eventually die of suffocation. Chemical pesticides used for whiteflies control are neonicotinoids.


 

Products containing neonicotinoid compounds have one of these four active ingredients: clothianidin (commercial), dinotefuran (over the counter and commercial), imidacloprid (over the counter and commercial) and thiamethoxam (commercial). Neocotinoids can be harmful if ingested.

Spraying the leaves using safer-soap following manufacturer instructions is one option. Whiteflies are also attracted by the color yellow so yellow sticky paper can serve as traps to monitor infestations.

The dead leaves or leaves that have been mostly eaten by whiteflies are to be removed and burned or carefully placed in closed bins to avoid reinfestation and spreading of the disease.

Several natural predators may be effective in controlling whiteflies. It should be noted that not all such predators are equally effective at controlling the different types of whiteflies, or equally effective outdoors as well as under controlled conditions, such as in green houses. These predators include green lacewings, ladybirds, bugs, minute pirate bugs, big eyed bugs, and damsel bugs.

Natural white fly predators

    Green lacewings larvae will attack whiteflies as well as other pests including aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, leafhopper nymphs, moth eggs, scales and thrips.

    They also can attack other insects including caterpillars. They are available in the form of eggs from commercial insectaries and will stay in a larval stage after they hatch for 1 to 3 weeks.

    The adult insects can fly and will feed only on pollen, honey and nectar to reproduce. Repeated application may be necessary and the eggs could be eaten before they hatch by their natural predators, such as ants or mature green lacewings.

    Ladybirds, or lady bugs or beetles bug, mainly by colonials, also have a healthy appetite. They eat mostly insect eggs, but will eat as well beetle larvae, scale crawlers and young caterpillars.

Insect control for your chilli peppers plants








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